Hallowe'en Party is a work of detective fiction by Agatha Christie and first published in the UK by the Collins Crime Club in November 1969 and in the US by Dodd, Mead and Company later in the same year. The UK edition retailed for twenty-five shillings. In preparation for decimalisation on February 15, 1971, it was also priced on the dustjacket at £1.25. The US edition retailed at $5.95.
The novel features her Belgian detective Hercule Poirot and the mystery novelist Ariadne Oliver. The novel focuses on child murder (with its possible sexual motivation), the irresponsibility of teenagers and the crisis in crime and punishment. This book was dedicated to P.G. Wodehouse.
- 1 Plot introduction
- 2 Plot summary
- 3 Characters in “Hallowe'en Party”
- 4 Literary significance and reception
- 5 References or Allusions
- 6 Film, TV or theatrical adaptations
- 7 International titles
During the preparation of a Hallowe'en party, a girl named Joyce Reynolds tells everyone, including Mrs. Oliver, that she saw a murder once, but only recently realized that it was a murder that she had seen. At the end of the party, Joyce is found drowned in an apple-bobbing tub. With Mrs. Oliver's help, Hercule Poirot must unmask the real evil of the night.
The story starts out inside Rowena Drake's house, which is called "Apple Trees". There, Ariadne Oliver and others are preparing a Hallowe'en party for children. Those in charge of the party are Judith Butler, Mrs. Oliver's friend; Leopold, Joyce and Anne Reynolds, Desmond Holland, Nicholas Ransom, Cathie Johnson, Elizabeth Whittaker, Beatrice Ardley, and others. While they are preparing, thirteen-year old Joyce Reynolds says that she once saw a murder. Everyone, including Mrs. Oliver, thinks she is lying.
The party consists of many Hallowe'en-related activities. Mrs. Goodbody plays the role of a witch, and girls can look into a mirror to know what their future husbands will look like (a picture of the husband is said to be reflected in the mirror). The group has supper, the prizes are granted, and the party ends after a game of snapdragon, with the murder of course fitting into the whole situation.
The next day, Mrs. Oliver goes to London seeking Hercule Poirot's help. She tells him that after snapdragon, Joyce went missing and was later found drowned in an apple-bobbing tub in the library. Mrs. Oliver repeats to Poirot Joyce's comment that she had once witnessed a murder; Mrs. Oliver now wonders if Joyce might have been telling the truth, which might provide someone with a motive for killing her.
Poirot goes to Apple Trees to interview Rowena Drake. Rowena doesn't believe Joyce's murder story; rather, she thinks it was just Joyce's attempt to impress Mrs. Oliver. Next to be interviewed are the Reynoldses. Mrs. Reynolds can't say that Joyce ever told her that she saw a murder. Leopold, Joyce's younger brother, doesn't believe that Joyce saw a murder either, but he did hear Joyce telling everyone about it. Ann, Joyce's older sister, doesn't believe either that Joyce had seen a murder; she says Joyce was a liar and a fraud.
Hercule Poirot asks his old friend, an ex-superintendent named Spence, to give him a list of murders which had taken place years before and that could possibly be the murder that Joyce claimed to have witnessed. Spence obliges: Mrs. Llewellyn-Smythe, the aunt of Rowena Drake's late husband, apparently died of a heart attack. Her death is suspicious because a codicil to her will was discovered afterwards. Authorities believe that the codicil was faked by an au pair girl, Olga Seminoff, who disappeared after the forgery was discovered. Other candidate murders involve Charlotte Benfield, a sixteen-year-old shop assistant found dead of multiple head injuries, with two young men under suspicion; Lesley Ferrier, a lawyer's clerk who was stabbed in the back; and Janet White, a schoolteacher who was strangled. Hercule Poirot thinks Janet White's murder is the most probable candidate for the murder Joyce witnessed, because strangulation might not appear at first sight to be murder.
Hercule Poirot continues his investigation by interviewing Dr. Ferguson, who tells Poirot that Joyce was once his patient. When Poirot goes to the Elms School, he is greeted by the headmistress, Miss Emlyn. Meanwhile, a mathematics teacher named Elizabeth Whittaker, who was also present at the party, gives Hercule Poirot an important piece of evidence when she reveals that while the party-goers were playing Snapdragon, Elizabeth went out to hall and saw Rowena Drake coming out of the lavatory on the first floor landing. Rowena stood for a moment before coming downstairs, looking startled by something or someone she may have seen in the open door of the library, and then dropped the flower vase she was holding. Other suggestive pieces of evidence include the fact that Lesley Ferrier had previously been suspected of forgery. Were Lesley and Olga working together to secure Mrs. Llewellyn-Smythe's inheritance?
Poirot visits a sunken garden built for Mrs. Llewellyn-Smythe in an abandoned quarry, where he meets Michael Garfield, the handsome and talented young man who designed the garden. While there, he also meets Judith Butler's daughter, Miranda Butler, a striking young girl who is close to Michael and spends a great deal of time in the Quarry Garden.
Mrs. Drake meets Poirot at his guest house to tell him that Leopold Reynolds, Joyce's younger brother, has been drowned. Poirot reveals that Leopold had been blackmailing Joyce's murderer and had got in over his head. Mrs. Drake, obviously very upset by Leopold's death, admits that she saw Leopold in the library, which caused her to think he might have killed his sister.
Poirot persuades the police to dig up an abandoned well in the Quarry Garden. Within its depths are discovered the remains of Olga, who had been stabbed, like Ferrier. Poirot sends Mrs. Oliver to get Mrs. Butler and Miranda safely away from the village as soon as possible, but when they stop for lunch, Miranda is abducted by Michael Garfield, who takes her to a pagan sacrificial altar and tries to kill her. He is prevented from doing so by Nicholas Ransom and Desmond Holland, two teenagers who had been at the Hallowe'en party and whom Poirot had persuaded to trail Miranda. Michael Garfield commits suicide by swallowing the poison that he had intended Miranda to drink.
Miranda Butler tells the authorities that she was the one who saw a murder, not her close friend Joyce, to whom she revealed some of the details of what she witnessed. Miranda admits that in the Quarry garden she saw Michael Garfield and Rowena Drake carrying Olga's dead body and heard Mrs. Drake wonder aloud if anyone was watching them. Joyce, an inveterate fantasist, had made the story her own, and since Miranda had not attended the party, she hadn't contradicted Joyce. Rowena Drake heard Joyce and thought that it was Joyce who had seen her and Michael with Olga's corpse. Drake had always sensed that someone was watching them that fateful day. Mrs. Drake intentionally dropped the vase of flowers in front of Miss Whittaker to invent a pretext for being wet after having drowned Joyce. Subsequently, Leopold had used what little he knew to blackmail Rowena, leading to his murder. Mrs. Rowena Drake and Michael Garfields were the 2 killers of the 2 murders that took place.
Michael Garfield played the role of lover to Olga to help Rowena Drake secure Mrs. Llewellyn-Smythe's inheritance. The real will, leaving Mrs. Llewellyn-Smythe's fortune to Olga, had been replaced with a clumsy forgery, produced by Lesley Ferrier, which would be rendered invalid and Rowena Drake, the sexually-frustrated wife of an invalid, would ultimately control Mrs. Llewellyn-Smythe's estate as her closest relation. Lesley Ferrier and Olga Seminoff were murdered to conceal the deceit. Garfield's motivation was his obsessive, narcissistic desire to construct another perfect garden with Mrs. Drake's money on a Greek island that she has secretly purchased. Poirot hypothesises that Rowena Drake might have met a similar fate to the other women as Garfield would no longer have any use for her. Poirot's also intuits that the bond between Miranda and Garfield was a familial one: Judith Butler is not a widow, but rather the mother of Garfield's illegitimate daughter. Garfield's depraved willingness to murder his own daughter confirms the tremendous evil that Poirot has been able to uncover and defeat.
Characters in “Hallowe'en Party”
- Hercule Poirot - Belgian detective, asked to help investigate the murder of Joyce Reynolds by his friend Oliver.
- Ariadne Oliver - Crime fiction writer and Poirot's friend. She attends the Halloween party that Joyce is killed during, while visiting a friend in the area.
- Inspector Timothy Raglan - The investigating officer into Joyce's murder.
- Alfred Richmond - Chief Constable of the local police.
- Dr Ferguson - Local physician and the appointed police surgeon.
- Joyce Reynolds - First victim of the case. A thirteen-year-old girl attending Rowena's Halloween party. Declared she once saw a murder, which becomes the focal point of the investigation.
- Olga Seminoff - An au pair girl from Herzogovinia. Was in service to Mrs Llewellyn-Smythe in her last years, but has since disappeared following her employer's death and the reading of her will.
- Mrs Llewellyn-Smythe - Wealthy widow. Died two years before the novel begins. One of the possible deaths considered as the murder witnessed by Joyce.
- Leslie Ferrier - Local solicitor's clerk, murdered before the start of the novel. One of the possible deaths considered as the murder witnessed by Joyce.
- Janet White - A local teacher, dead from strangulation before the start of the novel. One of the possible deaths considered as the murder witnessed by Joyce.
- Leopold Reynolds - Second victim of the case. Joyce's younger brother. Attended the Halloween party, and later found to be blackmailing the killer.
- Rowena Drake - Mrs Llewellyn-Smythe's niece. A widow following the death of her husband Hugo, also her first cousin, from unknown causes. Organiser of the Halloween party that Joyce attended.
- Miranda Butler - A twelve-year-old girl who was ill and unable to attend the party. Best friends of Joyce, both of whom are students at the local school.
- Judith Butler - Mrs Oliver's friend, and mother of Miranda.
- Ann Reynolds - Both Joyce's and Leopold's older sister.
- Mrs Reynolds - Both Joyce's and Leopold's mother.
- Michael Garfield - A landscape gardener, recently returned to the area. Noted for being unusually beautiful and fascinated with beauty itself.
- Elizabeth Whittaker - Teacher of mathematics and Latin at The Elms school. Attended the Halloween party, and was an associate of Janet White.
- Miss Emlyn - Local headmistress of The Elms school.
- Mrs Goodbody - Local cleaning woman, attending the party in the role of a witch.
- Jeremy Fullerton - Mrs Llewellyn-Smythe's solicitor, and the employer of Ferrier.
- Nicholas Ransom - An eighteen-year-old, who attended the party. Was a part of the game where the girls see the faces of their future husbands.
- Desmond Holland - A sixteen-year-old, who attended the party. Was part of the game where the girls see the faces of their future husbands.
- Harriet Leaman - The former cleaner for Mrs Llewellyn-Smythe.
- George - Poirot's faithful valet.
- Superintendent Spence - A retired police officer. Assists Poirot by supplying a list of deaths with a connection to Joyce's declaration.
- Elspeth McKay - Superintendent Spence's sister.
Literary significance and reception
Robert Weaver in the Toronto Daily Star of December 13, 1969 said, "Hallowe'en Party...is a disappointment, but with all her accomplishments Miss Christie can be forgiven some disappointments...Poirot seems weary and so does the book."
Robert Barnard: "Bobbing for apples turns serious when ghastly child is extinguished in the bucket. The plot of this late one is not too bad, but the telling is very poor: it is littered with loose ends, unrealised characters, and maintains only a marginal hold on the reader's interest. Much of it reads as if spoken into a tape-recorder and never read through afterward."
References or Allusions
References to other works
- Superintendent Spence brought to Poirot the case solved in Mrs. McGinty's Dead and which they discuss in Chapter 5. The case is also recollected by Poirot in Chapter 3, when Poirot recalls Mrs. Oliver getting out of a car and “a bag of apples breaking”. This is a reference to her first appearance in Mrs. McGinty’s Dead, Chapter 10.
- Miss Emlyn mentions in Chapter 10 that she knows of Poirot from Miss Bulstrode, who previously appeared as a character in Cat Among the Pigeons.
- A letter was sent to Hercule Poirot from Mr. Goby, who appeared in The Mystery of the Blue Train, After the Funeral, and Third Girl.
References to actual history, geography and current science
- The first half of the novel contains several discussions in which anxiety is voiced about the Criminal Justice System in Great Britain. This in part reflects the abolition in 1965 of capital punishment for murder.
- The novel reflects in many respects its time of publication at the end of the permissive sixties, but nowhere more so than when a character uses the word "lesbian" in Chapter 15.
Film, TV or theatrical adaptations
The novel has been adapted by BBC Radio.
Graphic novel adaptation
Agatha Christie's Poirot
The novel was adapted as part of the twelfth season of Agatha Christie's Poirot with David Suchet, with Zoë Wanamaker reprising her role as Ariadne Oliver. Guest stars include Deborah Findlay as Rowena Drake, Julian Rhind-Tutt as Michael Garfield, Amelia Bullmore as Judith Butler, and Fenella Woolgar as Elizabeth Whittaker. Charles Palmer (who also directed The Clocks for the series) directs this installment, with the screenplay being written by Mark Gatiss (who also wrote the screenplay for Cat Among the Pigeons; he also appeared as a guest star in the adaptation of Appointment with Death).
This version includes one of the anachronisms that were common in the series. One of the characters dismissively refers to Olga as "Olga Molotov or whatever". The name Molotov would have been familiar in the original setting of the novel in the late 1960's. But the series moved the story back to the mid 1930's, at which time Molotov would hardly have been known outside the USSR
- 1969, Collins Crime Club (London), November 1969, Hardback, 256 pp
- 1969, Dodd Mead and Company (New York), 1969, Hardback, 248 pp
- 1970, Pocket Books (New York), Paperback, 185 pp
- 1972, Fontana Books (Imprint of HarperCollins), Paperback, 189 pp
- 1987, Ulverscroft Large-print Edition, Hardcover, ISBN 0-7089-1666-X
- 2009, HarperCollins; Facsimile edition, Hardcover: 256 pages, ISBN 978-0-00-731462-1
The novel was first serialised in the weekly magazine Woman's Own in seven abridged instalments from November 15 to December 27, 1969, illustrated with uncredited photographic montages.
In the US, the novel appeared in the December 1969 issue of Cosmopolitan magazine.
- Czech: Viděla jsem vraždu (I Witnessed a Murder)
- Catalan: Les pomes (The Apples)
- Danish: Festen for de døde (The Eve of All Saint's Party)
- Dutch: De versierde bezemsteel (The Decorated Broomstick)
- Finnish: Kurpitsajuhla (The Pumpkin Party)
- French: La fête du potiron (The Pumpkin Party)
- German: Schneewittchen Party (Snow White Party)
- Hungarian: Ellopott gyilkosság (Stolen Murder), Halloween és halál (Halloween and Death)
- Italian: Poirot e la strage degli innocenti (Poirot and the Massacre of the Innocent)
- Japanese: ハロウィンパーティー (Halloween Party)
- Polish: Wigilia Wszystkich Świętych (The Eve of All Saints' Day)
- Portuguese: Poirot e o encontro juvenil (Poirot and the Young People’s Party)
- Spanish: Las manzanas (The Apples)
- Turkish: Elmayı Yılan Isırdı (The Snake Bit The Apple)
- Norwegian: Barneselskapet (The Children's Party)